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Bibliography/Reading List

The Suffrage Postcard Project presents a list of suggested readings to facilitate a greater understanding of the history and visual culture surrounding early-twentieth-century postcards in the United States and Britain, as well as introductory readings to digital humanities.

A History of Suffrage Visual Culture

Byatt, Anthony. Picture Postcards and Their Publishers (London: Golden Age, 1978).

Collins, Kathleen. “Shadow and Substance: Sojourner Truth,” History of Photography 7, no. 3 (1983): 183-205.

Crowley, Gwyneth H. “Tropes in Women’s Suffrage Postcards” (Doctor of Philosophy, Southern Connecticut State University, 2014).

Dando, Christina Elizabeth. “'The Map Proves It': Map Use by the American Woman Suffrage Movement,” Cartographica: The International Journal for Geographic Information and Geovisualization 45, no. 4 (2010): 221-40.

Dotterrer, Steven, and Galen Cranz. “The Picture Postcard: Its Development and Role in American Urbanization,” The Journal of American Culture 5, no. 1 (1982): 44-50.

Epp, Michael H. “The Traffic in Affect: Marietta Holley, Suffrage, and Late-Nineteenth-Century Popular Humour,” Canadian Review of American Studies 36, no. 1 (2006): 93-116.

Finnegan, Margaret Mary. Selling Suffrage: Consumer Culture & Votes for Women (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999).

Florey, Kenneth. Women's Suffrage Memorabilia: An Illustrated Historical Study (Jefferson: McFarland & Company, 2013).

Florey, Kenneth. American Woman Suffrage Postcards: A Study and Catalog (Jefferson: McFarland & Company, 2015).

Fraser, John. “Propaganda on the Picture Postcard,” Oxford Art Journal (1980): 39-47.

Gillen, Julia and Nigel Hall, “The Edwardian Postcard: A Revolutionary Moment in Rapid Multimodal Communications,” British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, September 5, 2009, University of Manchester. 

Graban, Tarez Samra and Shirley K. Rose. “Special Edition: The Critical Place of the Networked Archive,” Pethio: Journal of the Coalition of Feminist Scholars into the History of Rhetoric and Composition 17, no. 1 (2014).

Hudgins, Nicole. “A Historical Approach to Family Photography: Class and Individuality in Manchester and Lille, 1850–1914,” Journal of Social History 43, no. 3 (2010): 559-86

Landsman, Gail H. “The 'Other' as Political Symbol: Images of Indians in the Woman Suffrage Movement,” Ethnohistory  (1992): 247-84.

Lange, Allison K. “Images of Change: Picturing Woman’s Rights from American Independence through the Nineteenth Amendment” (Doctor of Philosophy, Brandeis University, 2014).

McDonald, Ian. Vindication! A Postcard History of the Women’s Movement (London: McDonald/Bellow, 1989).

Meyer, Katherine, John Seidler, Timothy Curry, and Adrian Aveni. “Women in July Fourth Cartoons: A 100‐Year Look,” Journal of Communication 30, no. 1 (1980): 21-30.

Palczewski, Catherine H. “The Male Madonna and the Feminine Uncle Sam: Visual Argument, Icons, and Ideographs in 1909 Anti-Woman Suffrage Postcards,” Quarterly Journal of Speech 91, no. 4 (2005): 365-394.

Ramsey, E. Michele. “Inventing Citizens During World War I: Suffrage Cartoons in the Woman Citizen,” Western Journal of Communication 64, no. 2 (2000): 113-47.

Sheppard, Alice. “Political and Social Consciousness in the Woman Suffrage Cartoons of Lou Rogers and Nina Allender,” Studies in American Humor 4, no. 1/2 (1985): 39-50.

Sheppard, Alice. “Suffrage Art and Feminism,” Hypatia 5, no. 2 (1990): 122-136.

Sheppard, Alice. Cartooning for Suffrage (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1994).

Shore, Amy. “Suffrage Stars,” Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies 21, no. 3 63 (2006): 1-35.

Tickner, Lisa. The Spectacle of Women: Imagery of the Suffrage Campaign 1907-14 (Urbana: University of Chicago Press, 1988).   

Teaching Women's Suffrage Visual Culture

Card, Jane. “Seeing the Point: Using Visual Sources to Understand the Arguments for Women's Suffrage,” Teaching History, no. 143 (2011): 15-19.

Digital Humanities

Stevenson, Ana and Kristin Allukian. “The Illustration, the Image, and the Archive: Feminist Digital Humanities Approaches to Caricatures and Cartoons of Woman Activists and Authors, 1850-1920,” Women’s History in the Digital World Conference, May 21-22, 2015, Bryn Mawr College.

Wernimont, Jacqueline, and Julia Flanders.  “Feminism in the Age of Digital Archives: The Women Writers Project.” Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 29, no. 2 (2010): 425-35.