The Suffrage Postcard Project presents a list of suggested readings to facilitate a greater understanding of the history and visual culture surrounding early-twentieth-century postcards in the United States and Britain, as well as introductory readings to digital humanities.

Women's Rights and Suffrage Visual History

Bunker, Gary L. "Antebellum Caricature and Woman's Sphere." Journal of Women's History 3, no. 3 (1992): 6-43.

Crawford, Elizabeth. Art and Suffrage: A Bibliographical Dictionary of Suffrage Artists (London: Francis Boutle Publishers, 2018).

Crowley, Gwyneth H. “Tropes in Women’s Suffrage Postcards” (Doctor of Philosophy, Southern Connecticut State University, 2014).

Dando, Christina Elizabeth. “'The Map Proves It': Map Use by the American Woman Suffrage Movement,” Cartographica: The International Journal for Geographic Information and Geovisualization 45, no. 4 (2010): 221-40.

Denney, Colleen. The Visual Culture of Women’s Activism in London, Paris and Beyond: An Analytical Art History, 1860 to the Present (Jefferson: McFarland and Company, 2018).

Epp, Michael H. “The Traffic in Affect: Marietta Holley, Suffrage, and Late-Nineteenth-Century Popular Humour,” Canadian Review of American Studies 36, no. 1 (2006): 93-116.

Finnegan, Margaret Mary. Selling Suffrage: Consumer Culture & Votes for Women (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999).

Florey, Kenneth. American Woman Suffrage Postcards: A Study and Catalog (Jefferson: McFarland & Company, 2015).

Florey, Kenneth. “Postcards and the New York Suffrage Movement,” New York History 98, no. 3 (2017): 441-64.

Florey, Kenneth. “The First Suffrage Button,” The Keynoter: Journal of the American Political Items Conservators 2-4 (2008): 37-39.

Florey, Kenneth. Women's Suffrage Memorabilia: An Illustrated Historical Study (Jefferson: McFarland & Company, 2013).

Garrett, Miranda, and Zoë Thomas, eds. Suffrage and the Arts: Visual Culture, Politics and Enterprise (New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018).

Graban, Tarez Samra and Shirley K. Rose. “Special Edition: The Critical Place of the Networked Archive,” Pethio: Journal of the Coalition of Feminist Scholars into the History of Rhetoric and Composition 17, no. 1 (2014).

Hundhammer, Katharina. American Women in Cartoons 1890-1920: Female Representation and the Changing Concepts of Femininity During the American Woman Suffrage Movement: An Empirical Analysis (Pieterlen: Peter Lang, 2012).

Jorgensen‐Earp, Cheryl R. "The Lady, the Whore, and the Spinster: The Rhetorical Use of Victorian Images of Women." Western Journal of Communication 54, no. 1 (1990): 82-98.

Landsman, Gail H. “The 'Other' as Political Symbol: Images of Indians in the Woman Suffrage Movement,” Ethnohistory 39, no. 3 (1992): 247-284.

Lange, Allison K. Picturing Political Power: Images in the Women's Suffrage Movement (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2020).

McDonald, Ian. Vindication! A Postcard History of the Women’s Movement (London: McDonald/Bellow, 1989).

Meyer, Katherine, John Seidler, Timothy Curry, and Adrian Aveni. “Women in July Fourth Cartoons: A 100‐Year Look,” Journal of Communication 30, no. 1 (1980): 21-30.

McQuiston, Liz. Suffragettes to She-Devils Women's Liberation and Beyond (London: Phaidon Press, 1997).

Palczewski, Catherine H. “The Male Madonna and the Feminine Uncle Sam: Visual Argument, Icons, and Ideographs in 1909 Anti-Woman Suffrage Postcards,” Quarterly Journal of Speech 91, no. 4 (2005): 365-394.

Quartly, Marian. “Women Citizens of the New Nation: Reading Some Visual Evidence,” Lilith: A Feminist History Journal, no. 11 (2002): 1-21.

Ramsey, E. Michele. “Inventing Citizens During World War I: Suffrage Cartoons in the Woman Citizen,” Western Journal of Communication 64, no. 2 (2000): 113-147.

Rogers, Jaqueline McLeod. “Geopolitics in the Anti-Suffrage Cartoons of American John Tinney McCutcheon and Canadian Newton McConnell: Stopping Trans-Atlantic Flow,” Pethio: Journal of the Coalition of Feminist Scholars into the History of Rhetoric and Composition 17, no. 1 (2014): 31-45.

Sawer, Marion. "Cartoons for the Cause: Cartooning for Equality in Australia." In Comic Commentators: Contemporary Political Cartooning in Australia, eds. Robert Phiddian and Haydon Manning (Perth: Network Books, 2008).

Sheppard, Alice. “There Were Ladies Present: American Women Cartoonists and Comic Artists in the Early Twentieth Century,” Journal of American Culture 7, no. 3 (1984): 38-48.

Sheppard, Alice. “Political and Social Consciousness in the Woman Suffrage Cartoons of Lou Rogers and Nina Allender,” Studies in American Humor 4, no. 1/2 (1985): 39-50.

Sheppard, Alice. “Suffrage Art and Feminism,” Hypatia 5, no. 2 (1990): 122-136.

Sheppard, Alice. Cartooning for Suffrage (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1994).

Shore, Amy. “Suffrage Stars,” Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies 21, no. 3 63 (2006): 1-35.

Shore, Amy. Suffrage and the Silver Screen (New York: Peter Lang, 2014).

Stevenson, Ana. “‘Cast off the Shackles of Yesterday’: Women’s Suffrage in Walt Disney’s Mary Poppins,” Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies 98, no. 2 (2018): 69-103.

Stevenson, Ana. “‘Tearing Off the Bonds’: Suffrage Visual Culture in Australia, New Zealand, and the United States, 1890-1920,” Gender & History (in press 2020).

Stevenson, Ana. “One Hundred Years of Campaign Imagery: From Woman Suffrage Postcards to Hillary Clinton Memes,” in Nasty Women and Bad Hombres: Gender and Race in the 2016 US Presidential Election, eds Christine Kray, Hinda Mandell and Tamar Carroll (Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 2018).

Tickner, Lisa. The Spectacle of Women: Imagery of the Suffrage Campaign 1907-14 (Urbana: University of Chicago Press, 1988).

Watson, Norman. Suffragettes and the Post (Forfar: Robertson Printers, 2010).

Postcards, Cartoons, and Visual History

Baldwin, Brooke. “On the Verso: Postcard Messages as a Key to Popular Prejudices,” Journal of Popular Culture 22, no. 3 (1988): 15-28.

Bogdan, Robert, and Todd Weseloh. Real Photo Postcard Guide: The People’s Photography (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2006).

Bowers, Q. David. “Souvenir Postcards and the Development of the Star System, 1912-1914,” Film History 3, no. 1 (1989): 39-45.

Byatt, Anthony. Picture Postcards and Their Publishers (London: Golden Age, 1978).

Cane, Christine, and Niel Gunson. “Postcards: A Source for Aboriginal Biography,” Aboriginal History 10, no. 1/2 (1986): 171-174.

Cure, Monica. Picturing the Postcard: A New Media Crisis at the Turn of the Century (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2018).

Dewey, Donald. The Art of Ill Will: The Story of American Political Cartoons (New York: New York University Press, 2007).

Dotterrer, Steven, and Galen Cranz. “The Picture Postcard: Its Development and Role in American Urbanization,” The Journal of American Culture 5, no. 1 (1982): 44-50.

Drucker, Johanna. “Is There a 'Digital' Art History?” Visual Resources 29, no. 1-2 (2013): 5-13.

Fraser, John. “Propaganda on the Picture Postcard,” Oxford Art Journal 2, no. 2 (1980): 39-47.

Gifford, Daniel. American Holiday Postcards, 1905-1915: Imagery and Context (Jefferson: McFarland and Company, 2013).

Gillen, Julia and Nigel Hall, “The Edwardian Postcard: A Revolutionary Moment in Rapid Multimodal Communications,” British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, September 5, 2009, University of Manchester. 

Hess, Stephen, and Sandy Northrop. American Political Cartoons: The Evolution of a National Identity, 1754-2010 (London: Routledge, 2011).

Hudgins, Nicole. “A Historical Approach to Family Photography: Class and Individuality in Manchester and Lille, 1850–1914,” Journal of Social History 43, no. 3 (2010): 559-586.

Klich, Lynda, Leonard A. Lauder, and Benjamin Weiss. The Postcard Age: Selections from the Leonard A. Lauder Collection (Boston: MFA Publications, 2012).

Rogan, Bjarne. “An Entangled Object: The Picture Postcard as Souvenir and Collectible, Exchange and Ritual Communication,” Cultural Analysis 4, no. 1 (2005): 1-27.

Scully, Richard, and Marian Quartly, eds. Drawing the Line: Using Cartoons as Historical Evidence (Clayton: Monash University ePress, 2009).

Vaule, Rosamond B. As We Were: American Photographic Postcards, 1905-1930 (David R. Godine Publisher, 2004).

Wall, Richard. “Family Relationships in Comic Postcards 1900–1930,” The History of the Family 12, no. 1 (2007): 50-61.

Feminist Visual History

Carson, Fiona, and Claire Pajaczkowska, eds. Feminist Visual Culture (New York: Routledge, 2001).

Clayton-Gouthro, Cecile. “Social Commentary in Nineteenth Century Crinoline Cartoons from Punch,” Dress 23, no. 1 (1996): 63-74.

Cobb, Jasmine Nichole. Picture Freedom: Remaking Black Visuality in the Early Nineteenth Century (New York: New York University Press, 2015).

Collins, Kathleen. “Shadow and Substance: Sojourner Truth,” History of Photography 7, no. 3 (1983): 183-205.

Drüeke, Ricarda, and Elke Zobl, eds. Feminist Media: Participatory Spaces, Networks and Cultural Citizenship (Bielefeld: transcript Verlag, 2012).

Farrell, Amy Erdman. “'The White Man's Burden': Female Sexuality, Tourist Postcards, and the Place of the Fat Woman in Early 20th-Century Us Culture,” in The Fat Studies Reader, eds. Esther Rothblum and Sondra Solovay (New York: New York University Press, 2009).

Goldner, Ellen J. “The Art of Intervention: The Humor of Sojourner Truth and the Antebellum Political Cartoon,” MELUS: Multi-Ethnic Literature of the US 37, no. 4 (2012): 41-67.

Hein, Hilde, and Carolyn Korsmeyer, eds. Aesthetics in Feminist Perspective (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993).

Lippert, Amy. “The Visual Pedagogy of Reform: Picturing White Slavery in America,” Journal of Urban History (2019).

Moravec, Michelle. “Feminist Research Practices and Digital Archives,” Australian Feminist Studies 32, no. 91-92 (2017): 186-201.

Moravec, Michelle. “Toward a History of Feminism, Art, and Social Movements in the United States,” Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 33, no. 2 (2012): 22-54.

Poland, Louise. “Printing Presses and Protest Banners: Feminist Presses in Australia,” Lilith: A Feminist History Journal, no. 10 (2001): 121-36.

Preston, Rebecca. “'Hope You Will Be Able to Recognise Us': The Representation of Women and Gardens in Early Twentieth‐Century British Domestic 'Real Photo' Postcards,” Women's History Review 18, no. 5 (2009): 781-800.

Stevenson, Emily Rose. “Home, Sweet Home: Women and the 'Other Space' of Domesticity in Colonial Indian Postcards, Ca. 1880–1920,” Visual Anthropology 26, no. 4 (2013): 298-327.

Walker, Sarah Gibson. “Ruby Lindsay: A Professional Artist of the Suffrage-Era,” Lilith: A Feminist History Journal, no. 23 (2017): 23-33.

Williams, Georgina. Politics and Aesthetics of the Female Form, 1908-1918 (Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018).

Teaching Suffrage and Feminist Visual Culture

Allukian, Kristin, Alexander Cendrowski and Allison Duque. “Decentering Digital Discomfort: Feminist Digital Pedagogy in the DH Lab,” Hybrid Pedagogy (in press 2020).

Card, Jane. “Seeing the Point: Using Visual Sources to Understand the Arguments for Women's Suffrage,” Teaching History, no. 143 (2011): 15-19.

Feminist Digital Humanities and Data Science

Brown, Nicole M., Ruby Mendenhall, Michael L. Black, Mark Van Moer, Assata Zerai, and Karen Flynn. "Mechanized Margin to Digitised Center: Black Feminism’s Contributions to Combatting Erasure within the Digital Humanities," International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing 10, no. 1 (2016): 110-25.

D’Ignazio, Catherine.  “What Would Feminist Data Visualization Look Like?” Medium, January 23, 2017, https://medium.com/@kanarinka/what-would-feminist-data-visualization-look-like-aa3f8fc7f96c.

D'Ignazio, Catherine and Lauren F. Klein. Data Feminism (Boston: MIT Press, 2020).

Enoch, Jessica, and Jean Bessette, "Meaningful Engagements: Feminist Historiography and the Digital Humanities." College Composition and Communication 64, no. 4 (2013): 634-60.

McPherson, Tara. "Why Are the Digital Humanities So White? Or Thinking the Histories of Race and Computation." In Debates in the Digital Humanities, ed. Matthew K. Gould (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2012).

Risam, Roopika. "Beyond the Margins: Intersectionality and the Digital Humanities," DHQ: Digital Humanities Quarterly 9, no. 2 (2015).

Stevenson, Ana and Kristin Allukian. “The Illustration, the Image, and the Archive: Feminist Digital Humanities Approaches to Caricatures and Cartoons of Woman Activists and Authors, 1850-1920,” Women’s History in the Digital World Conference, May 21-22, 2015, Bryn Mawr College.

Wernimont, Jacqueline, and Julia Flanders. “Feminism in the Age of Digital Archives: The Women Writers Project.” Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 29, no. 2 (2010): 425-435.