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The Suffrage Postcard Project presents a list of suggested readings to facilitate a greater understanding of the history and visual culture surrounding early-twentieth-century postcards in the United States and Britain, as well as introductory readings to digital humanities.

Women's Rights and Suffrage Visual History

Bunker, Gary L. "Antebellum Caricature and Woman's Sphere." Journal of Women's History 3, no. 3 (1992): 6-43.

Crawford, Elizabeth. Art and Suffrage: A Bibliographical Dictionary of Suffrage Artists (London: Francis Boutle Publishers, 2018).

Crowley, Gwyneth H. “Tropes in Women’s Suffrage Postcards” (Doctor of Philosophy, Southern Connecticut State University, 2014).

Dando, Christina Elizabeth. “'The Map Proves It': Map Use by the American Woman Suffrage Movement,” Cartographica: The International Journal for Geographic Information and Geovisualization 45, no. 4 (2010): 221-40.

Denney, Colleen. The Visual Culture of Women’s Activism in London, Paris and Beyond: An Analytical Art History, 1860 to the Present (Jefferson: McFarland and Company, 2018).

Epp, Michael H. “The Traffic in Affect: Marietta Holley, Suffrage, and Late-Nineteenth-Century Popular Humour,” Canadian Review of American Studies 36, no. 1 (2006): 93-116.

Finnegan, Margaret Mary. Selling Suffrage: Consumer Culture & Votes for Women (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999).

Florey, Kenneth. Women's Suffrage Memorabilia: An Illustrated Historical Study (Jefferson: McFarland & Company, 2013).

Florey, Kenneth. American Woman Suffrage Postcards: A Study and Catalog (Jefferson: McFarland & Company, 2015).

Garrett, Miranda, and Zoë Thomas, eds. Suffrage and the Arts: Visual Culture, Politics and Enterprise (New York: Bloomsbury Academic, 2018).

Gillen, Julia and Nigel Hall, “The Edwardian Postcard: A Revolutionary Moment in Rapid Multimodal Communications,” British Educational Research Association Annual Conference, September 5, 2009, University of Manchester. 

Graban, Tarez Samra and Shirley K. Rose. “Special Edition: The Critical Place of the Networked Archive,” Pethio: Journal of the Coalition of Feminist Scholars into the History of Rhetoric and Composition 17, no. 1 (2014).

Hundhammer, Katharina. American Women in Cartoons 1890-1920: Female Representation and the Changing Concepts of Femininity During the American Woman Suffrage Movement: An Empirical Analysis (Pieterlen: Peter Lang, 2012).

Landsman, Gail H. “The 'Other' as Political Symbol: Images of Indians in the Woman Suffrage Movement,” Ethnohistory 39, no. 3 (1992): 247-284.

Lange, Allison K. “Images of Change: Picturing Woman’s Rights from American Independence through the Nineteenth Amendment” (Doctor of Philosophy, Brandeis University, 2014).

McDonald, Ian. Vindication! A Postcard History of the Women’s Movement (London: McDonald/Bellow, 1989).

Meyer, Katherine, John Seidler, Timothy Curry, and Adrian Aveni. “Women in July Fourth Cartoons: A 100‐Year Look,” Journal of Communication 30, no. 1 (1980): 21-30.

Palczewski, Catherine H. “The Male Madonna and the Feminine Uncle Sam: Visual Argument, Icons, and Ideographs in 1909 Anti-Woman Suffrage Postcards,” Quarterly Journal of Speech 91, no. 4 (2005): 365-394.

Ramsey, E. Michele. “Inventing Citizens During World War I: Suffrage Cartoons in the Woman Citizen,” Western Journal of Communication 64, no. 2 (2000): 113-47.

Sheppard, Alice. “There Were Ladies Present: American Women Cartoonists and Comic Artists in the Early Twentieth Century,” Journal of American Culture 7, no. 3 (1984): 38-48.

Sheppard, Alice. “Political and Social Consciousness in the Woman Suffrage Cartoons of Lou Rogers and Nina Allender,” Studies in American Humor 4, no. 1/2 (1985): 39-50.

Sheppard, Alice. “Suffrage Art and Feminism,” Hypatia 5, no. 2 (1990): 122-136.

Sheppard, Alice. Cartooning for Suffrage (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1994).

Shore, Amy. “Suffrage Stars,” Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies 21, no. 3 63 (2006): 1-35.

Shore, Amy. Suffrage and the Silver Screen (New York: Peter Lang, 2014).

Stevenson, Ana. “‘Cast off the Shackles of Yesterday’: Women’s Suffrage in Walt Disney’s Mary Poppins,” Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies 98, no. 2 (2018): 69-103.

Stevenson, Ana. Book Review: “Kenneth Florey, American Woman Suffrage Postcards: A Study and Catalog,” European Journal of American Studies 3 (2017).

Stevenson, Ana. “One Hundred Years of Campaign Imagery: From Woman Suffrage Postcards to Hillary Clinton Memes,” in Nasty Women and Bad Hombres: Gender and Race in the 2016 US Presidential Election, eds Christine Kray, Hinda Mandell and Tamar Carroll (Rochester: University of Rochester Press, 2018).

Tickner, Lisa. The Spectacle of Women: Imagery of the Suffrage Campaign 1907-14 (Urbana: University of Chicago Press, 1988).

Postcards and Feminist Visual History

Baldwin, Brooke. “On the Verso: Postcard Messages as a Key to Popular Prejudices,” Journal of Popular Culture 22, no. 3 (1988): 15-28.

Bowers, Q. David. “Souvenir Postcards and the Development of the Star System, 1912-1914,” Film History 3, no. 1 (1989): 39-45.

Byatt, Anthony. Picture Postcards and Their Publishers (London: Golden Age, 1978).

Carson, Fiona, and Claire Pajaczkowska, eds. Feminist Visual Culture (New York: Routledge, 2001).

Cane, Christine, and Niel Gunson. “Postcards: A Source for Aboriginal Biography,” Aboriginal History 10, no. 1/2 (1986): 171-174.

Cobb, Jasmine Nichole. Picture Freedom: Remaking Black Visuality in the Early Nineteenth Century (New York: New York University Press, 2015).

Collins, Kathleen. “Shadow and Substance: Sojourner Truth,” History of Photography 7, no. 3 (1983): 183-205.

Dotterrer, Steven, and Galen Cranz. “The Picture Postcard: Its Development and Role in American Urbanization,” The Journal of American Culture 5, no. 1 (1982): 44-50.

Fraser, John. “Propaganda on the Picture Postcard,” Oxford Art Journal 2, no. 2 (1980): 39-47.

Goldner, Ellen J. “The Art of Intervention: The Humor of Sojourner Truth and the Antebellum Political Cartoon,” MELUS: Multi-Ethnic Literature of the US 37, no. 4 (2012): 41-67.

Hein, Hilde, and Carolyn Korsmeyer, eds. Aesthetics in Feminist Perspective (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993).

Hudgins, Nicole. “A Historical Approach to Family Photography: Class and Individuality in Manchester and Lille, 1850–1914,” Journal of Social History 43, no. 3 (2010): 559-586.

Moravec, Michelle. “Feminist Research Practices and Digital Archives,” Australian Feminist Studies 32, no. 91-92 (2017): 186-201.

Moravec, Michelle. “Toward a History of Feminism, Art, and Social Movements in the United States,” Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 33, no. 2 (2012): 22-54.

Rogan, Bjarne. “An Entangled Object: The Picture Postcard as Souvenir and Collectible, Exchange and Ritual Communication,” Cultural Analysis 4, no. 1 (2005): 1-27.

Scully, Richard, and Marian Quartly, eds. Drawing the Line: Using Cartoons as Historical Evidence (Clayton: Monash University ePress, 2009).

Stevenson, Emily Rose. “Home, Sweet Home: Women and the 'Other Space' of Domesticity in Colonial Indian Postcards, Ca. 1880–1920,” Visual Anthropology 26, no. 4 (2013): 298-327.

Vaule, Rosamond B. As We Were: American Photographic Postcards, 1905-1930 (David R. Godine Publisher, 2004).

Teaching Suffrage Visual Culture

Card, Jane. “Seeing the Point: Using Visual Sources to Understand the Arguments for Women's Suffrage,” Teaching History, no. 143 (2011): 15-19.

Digital Humanities

Stevenson, Ana and Kristin Allukian. “The Illustration, the Image, and the Archive: Feminist Digital Humanities Approaches to Caricatures and Cartoons of Woman Activists and Authors, 1850-1920,” Women’s History in the Digital World Conference, May 21-22, 2015, Bryn Mawr College.

Wernimont, Jacqueline, and Julia Flanders. “Feminism in the Age of Digital Archives: The Women Writers Project.” Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 29, no. 2 (2010): 425-435.